Simply put, the faster the protein source, the more readily available it becomes for the animal.
Protein kinetics is the scientific term that explains the dynamics of the digestion and absorption of protein coming from the diet and is a new way of evaluating protein sources. Protein sources used to be qualified based upon their protein content and digestibility, but as it turns out different protein sources can have a similar protein content and digestibility but differ largely in the location in the gut where that protein is digested and absorbed.
Hamlet Protein nutritionists have been focusing on the protein kinetics concept in recent times and are making promising discoveries in terms of feed efficiency, protein deposition and biological value in animals.
We spoke to Dr. Jessika van Leeuwen, Global Category Manager for Swine, to find out more.
[Feedinfo] Dr. van Leeuwen, why does speed matter when it comes to protein digestion and degradation?
[Jessika van Leeuwen] Recent research shows that the faster a protein is digested and absorbed the more of it will be used for deposition in organs and tissues. Consequently, less protein will go to waste and is excreted as nitrogen. This results in better growth performance but also in a reduction of nitrogen excretion into the environment. Therefore, protein kinetics is a more accurate description of what actually happens with the protein inside the animal than digestibility alone as protein kinetics considers not only that a protein is digested but also where it is digested, and the resulting amino acids are absorbed.
[Feedinfo] Can you disclose some of the main conclusions drawn from your latest research?
Dr. Jessika van Leeuwen
[Jessika van Leeuwen] Hamlet Protein has established cooperation with some of the most renowned researchers in the field of protein kinetics and investigated the in vitro protein kinetics for many different protein sources and subsequently verified these findings in the field. The results of these efforts were very surprising. First, big differences in protein kinetics exist between different protein sources. Some of the protein sources that are generally considered as highly digestible for young animals like soy protein concentrates, potato protein and fish meal turned out to be much less favourable when it comes to speed of digestion and absorption. Secondly, when formulating diets on fast versus slow protein the growth performances of the animals were much better for the fast protein diets.
[Feedinfo] In which kinds of feed formulations would you say protein kinetics can be the most impactful? What about diets with low crude protein (CP) content and synthetic amino acids (AA)?
[Jessika van Leeuwen] Speed of digestion and absorption is always important for growing animals but becomes even more important when formulating diets with low CP using synthetic amino acids. As some of these formulations are so tight in CP that some of the AA risk to go under the requirement, especially during periods of (immunological) stress, it is crucial that most of the AA coming from the diet can be used and do not go to waste. Moreover, research also emphasises the importance of simultaneous delivery of AA both coming from synthetic supplementation and coming from the dietary protein sources. So, to put it simple, when using synthetic amino acids, a fast dietary protein source in the diet is also required.
[Feedinfo] Hamlet Protein's Dr. Megan Bible, who presented at the annual ASAS-CSAS-WSASAS meeting in July in Albuquerque, New Mexico, claimed that "research on protein kinetics shows that Hamlet Protein had the highest protein hydrolysation rate when compared to other soy-based ingredients." Can you expand on these claims?
[Jessika van Leeuwen] The results from our research show that unique production processes of Hamlet Protein using enzymatic treatment does not only effectively reduce the content of anti-nutritional factors but also modify protein characteristics in such a way that it becomes easier accessible for proteolytic enzymes, resulting in a very fast protein source. Protein from Hamlet Protein hydrolyses faster than soybean meal and a lot faster than protein from soy protein concentrates. It was also faster than animal proteins like fishmeal, and as fast as blood plasma.
[Feedinfo] Surely, Hamlet Protein isn't the only market player involved with protein kinetics. What makes the company's approach unique?
[Jessika van Leeuwen] Of course, Hamlet Protein is not the only one working with the benefits of protein kinetics. The difference between the Hamlet Protein approach and that of other commercial companies is that where the other companies keep the knowledge to themselves and use it to formulate better diets for their customers, we actually make the knowledge about the digestion speed of protein sources available to our customers so they can make use of this to optimise their diets. Furthermore, we offer them the fastest vegetal protein source to help them to with the protein kinetics of their diets.
[Feedinfo] To what extent does this research on protein kinetics have the potential to transform the way nutritionists formulate their diets? What does that mean for Hamlet Protein?
[Jessika van Leeuwen] Protein kinetics adds another quality criterium to protein source evaluation. Future dietary formulations will have a kinetics requirement to them, where not only the speed of protein digestion and absorption, but also those of other nutrients and their interactions are considered. We are ready to support our customers worldwide to adapt to these new requirements and offer a high-tech fast protein solution.
Published in association with Hamlet Protein